Posted by & filed under Lecture Enhancement/Student Engagement, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Psychology Video of the Week, Stress and Health Psychology.

PSYCHOLOGY UPDATE — YouTube Video of the Week

NAME

MARSHA LINEHAN INTERVIEW

DIALECTICAL BEHAVIOR THERAPY

BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER

SOURCE:  YouTube:        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fR7Oi0cyoVo

 

 

DESCRIPTION

This is an excellent interview with Dr. Marsha Linehan.  She describes her own struggles with Borderline Personality Disorder and the development of Dialectical Behavior Therapy.

This is an excellent resource for use with the chapters covering personality, abnormal behavior, and psychotherapy.  

 

 

Posted by & filed under Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

3 ARTICLES RELATED TO BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER AND TREATMENT:  These three definitive articles will be excellent resources for use with the chapters covering personality, abnormal behavior, and psychotherapy.  

ALSO SEE THE WEBSITE OF THE WEEK REGARDING DBT RESOURCES AND THERAPY AND A YouTube INTERVIEW WITH MARSHA LINEHAN.

 

ARTICLE #1

TITLE

The Truth About Borderline Personality Disorder in Relationships

 

DESCRIPTION

This is a very humanely compassionate article detailing the pain and suffering that those diagnosed with BPD go through.  It takes the approach of providing case study material and focuses on the disorder from a relationship perspective.  The article states:

“what people with BPD go through: intense, difficult-to-control feelings of anger, insecurity, and self-hatred; frantic efforts to avoid abandonment; self-harming behavior such as cutting; extreme mood swings; feelings of emptiness; and bouts of paranoia.”  The end of the article discusses possible courses of action and Dialectical Behavior Therapy.  The DBT website is provided as the “Psychology Website of the Week” for April 22, 2019.  This article can be used with the text in discussion of personality disorders and different types of therapies.

 

SOURCE

Psychology Today, November 6, 2018. by Lisa A. Phillips

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/articles/201811/the-truth-about-borderline-personality-disorder-in-relationships

 

(Tiny URL)  http://tinyurl.com/y28makf4


 

ARTICLE #2

TITLE

What Is DBT?

(Transforming destructive behaviors into positive outcomes)

 

DESCRIPTION

This is a very detailed article about DBT and the work of Marsha Linehan in pioneering one of the few therapies that actually helps those suffering Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).  “Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) is an effective combination of cognitive and behavioral therapies. The goal of DBT is to transform negative thinking patterns and destructive behaviors into positive outcomes.”  This article can be used with the text in discussion of personality disorders and different types of therapies.  The DBT website is provided as the “Psychology Website of the Week” for April 22, 2019.

 

SOURCE

Psychology Today, September 28, 2016

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/hope-eating-disorder-recovery/201609/what-is-dbt

 

(Tiny URL) http://tinyurl.com/y26hdegd

 

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ARTICLE #3

TITLE

Expert on Mental Illness Reveals Her Own Struggle

 

DESCRIPTION

This is a poignant tale of the evolution of Marsha Linehan who herself struggled since adolescence with the symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder.  It is like a confessional of the pain, suffering, and suicidal experiences over her lifetime.  In her evolution she discovered the means through self-acceptance of the emotional rollercoaster (dysregulation) to cope effectively with her problems.  She gradually developed Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) which uses many different techniques along with a dash of hope to those who suffer BPD.   It can be an emotionally difficult article to read but hopeful for a positive prognosis for those who seek treatment using DBT.  The article includes a 3-minute video segment with Marsha Linehan.  The DBT website is provided as the “Psychology Website of the Week” for April 22, 2019.  This article can be used with the text in discussion of personality disorders and different types of therapies.

 

SOURCE

New York Times, June 23, 2011 , by Benedict Carey

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/23/health/23lives.html

 

(Tiny URL)  http://tinyurl.com/y2bocjjq

 

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CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

•What is Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)?

•What are the symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder?

•How does Borderline Personality Disorder differ from other personalty disorders?

•What are the problems doing psychotherapy with someone suffering from BPD?

•What is Dialectical Behavior Therapy?  What are the underlying principles?  Why has this type of therapy been more effective with BPD than other therapies?

•Who is Marsha Linehan?  What is the story of her struggle with BPD?  How did she develop Dialectical Behavior Therapy?

 

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Resource of the Week, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

3 RELATED ARTICLES ON THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS:  TikTok & Tics

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ARTICLE #1

TITLE

Tics and TikTok: Can social media trigger illness? 

 

DESCRIPTION

Throughout history and especially during the pandemic, groups have been shown to experience a kind of mass hysteria for lack of a better expression up until now.  This is a fabulous article that is well worth reading as a resource for the understanding of “sociogenic illness.”  “What is sociogenic illness?  The hallmark of these conditions is that multiple people within a social group develop similar, medically inexplicable, and often bizarre symptoms. In some cases, those affected believe they have been exposed to something dangerous, such as a toxin or contagion, although thorough investigation finds none.  The suffering caused by these illnesses is quite real and profound — even in the absence of a clear cause and presence of normal test results. And no, a person with sociogenic illness is not “just looking for attention” or “doing it on purpose.”

There are a number of articles (two mentioned below) pointing to how adolescent women are showing signs of Tourette Syndrome after watching various social media posts especially on TikTok.

This Harvard Health letter article details some history of “mass hysteria” over the years up to the present.  It provides details of what comprises a “sociogenic illness”, causes, and possible treatments.  It really is a valuable resource for students interested in the topic.

 

SOURCE

Harvard Health & Publishing, January 18, 2022, by Robert H. Shmerling, MD

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/tics-and-tiktok-can-social-media-trigger-illness-202201182670

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/33zfm26a

 

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ARTICLE #2

TITLE

Is TikTok Causing Tics in Teen Girls? What Parents Need to Know

A pediatric neurologist explains the troubling rise in teens with tics

 

DESCRIPTION

This is an outstanding article that explains Tourette Syndrome and the difference between sociogenic induced tics and similar behaviors.
“TikTok tics: what teens are doing  Globally, doctors were seeing that teens with sudden-onset tics shouted the exact same phrases and experienced the same uncontrolled movements:

  • Repetition of seemingly random words or phrases, including “beans,” “woo-hoo” and “flying shark.”
  • Repetition of swear words and other obscene phrases.
  • Hand/arm movements, including clapping and pointing.
  • Hitting or banging body parts, other people or objects.

The similarities in tics — especially given patients’ geographic distance — gave doctors their first clue that social media was at the root of the phenomenon. That’s because true Tourette syndrome tics are unique to each person, not so overwhelmingly alike.”  The article written by a pediatric neurologist, Dr. Mohammed Aldosari, MD, is authoritative and can be a resource for further understanding of the phenomenon.  Suggestions for treatment and therapy are provided and worth understanding in terms of how to work with individuals experiencing these issues.

 

SOURCE

Cleveland Clinic, Health Essentials, November 10, 2021

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://health.clevelandclinic.org/tiktok-causing-tics-in-teen-girls/

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/kt87jpf5

 

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ARTICLE #3

TITLE

TikTok Tics: A Pandemic Within a Pandemic 

 

DESCRIPTION

 

This is a long abstract of a journal article regarding “TikTok Tics.”  It is provided for students to view professional writing on the topic.  The abstract is sufficient enough to understand how journal articles are written.  The entire article is available for a fee but should not be necessary — the abstract is sufficient.  From the abstract:  “TikTok tics are distinct from what is typically seen in patients with Tourette syndrome, although share many characteristics with functional tics. We believe this to be an example of mass sociogenic illness, which involves behaviors, emotions, or conditions spreading spontaneously through a group. A modern clinician needs to remain abreast of social media sources as knowledge of media content is essential in managing patients in the current environment.”

 

SOURCE

International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society, July 28, 2021, by Caroline Olvera MD, Glenn T. Stebbins  PhD, Cristopher G Goetz MD, Katie Kompoliti MD

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://movementdisorders.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/mdc3.13316

 

(https://doi.org/10.1002/mdc3.13316)

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/56m96cr9

 

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CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•First:  what is Tourette Disorder?  What are the symptoms?

•What do the various articles mean by stating that TikTok Tics are a “sociogenic illness”? 

•Can you specify how TikTok Tics are different from those found in Tourette Disorder?

•In the history of Psychology, have their been other events that can be viewed as “mass hysteria”?

•If you were working with an adolescent woman experiencing this issue (TicTok Tics), what would you recommend as therapy?

 

 

Posted by & filed under Psychology App of the Week.

APP OF THE WEEK

PSYCH DRUGS & MEDICATIONS

PsychDrugs

 

iOS

(click on the platform)

 

 

 

Android

 

 

DESCRIPTION

From  iTunes Store

“Want to learn about psychotropic medications quickly and easily? Then check out this free app!

With Psych Drugs, you can learn important and useful information about various psychotropic medications such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, and anti-anxiety medications.

Some major classes of psych drugs include: SSRIs, TCAs, MAOIs, second generation (atypical) antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, and meds for insomnia, anxiety, depression, ADHD, alcohol dependence, opioid dependence and nicotine addiction, etc…

Perfect for psychology test and flashcards log, you can learn about drug interaction or interactions, meds apps, mental health, diseases and disability. This cool app also serves as a reminder and personality checker like a healing book diary full of medical terms and terminology dictionary info and smart facts.

Also as a nursing central handbook for pill identifier and identification, medication guide for this dot com age of psychological testing and games.

For each medication, you will find:
Generic name
Brand name
Class
Indications
Dosage forms
Maximum daily dose for adults
Maximum daily dose for adolescents and children
Half-life
Side effects

This useful app is ideal for medical and mental health professionals, psychiatrist, psychiatric residents, medical students, psychology students, therapists, counselors, and of course curious lay people who just want to familiarize themselves with psychotropic medications. If you want more detailed information, you can check out other medical apps like epocrates rx, webmd mobile cme, and medscape for symptom checker, and baby health prescription!

Scroll alphabetically through the list and quickly jump to a letter with an A-Z side panel.
Find a medication quickly with convenient search bar function.
Tap on the medication to learn about it.
Save your favorites with a touch of a button.
Share drug info with a friend via email.”

HOW TO USE THIS APP

When the topic of Abnormal Psychology comes up in class, invariably there are questions about psychogenic drugs.  This is an excellent resource that maintains an updated information base that will provide answers for the class discussions and questions.

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

TITLE

The Link Between Type 2 Diabetes and Psychiatric Disorders

 

DESCRIPTION

Clearly this article provides expansive details regarding the links between physical health and mental health issues.  The article details the relationship between psychological and psychiatric disorders and Type 2 Diabetes as stated in the title.  “Living with mental-health disorders is challenging enough without adding physical ailments to the mix. But recent research suggests that people with psychiatric disorders also have higher rates of Type 2 diabetes, and the combination can be devastating.  “When people who have pre-existing mental illnesses develop diabetes, their outcomes are much worse,” says Anne Doherty, an associate professor of psychiatry at University College Dublin. Compared to people with Type 2 diabetes who don’t have mental illnesses, “they are more likely to develop complications, and they’re significantly more likely to die younger.” The relationship goes both ways; people with diabetes also tend to have higher rates of psychiatric disorders and face worse outcomes than people without diabetes.”  The article clearly states that there is a link between the two but not necessarily a causal relationship and further highlights the ongoing research.  The article provides numerous examples regarding how the issues of mental health and Type 2 Diabetes are found in those affected.  If  you understand the Bio-Psycho-Social approach to human behavior, it becomes clear about our physical health and psychological well-being interact with each other and the social milieu.  

 

SOURCE

Time, March 10, 2022, by Sandeep Ravindran

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://time.com/6156685/type-2-diabetes-mental-health/?utm_source=email&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=email-share-article&utm-term=health_disease

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/2ky25fc4

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What is believed to be the relationship regarding Type 2 Diabetes and Mental Health Disorders?

•How does the combination  affect  the daily lives of those who experience both of these?

•If you were a treating Psychologist working with these patients, what would be your recommendations regarding handling both the physical and mental health issues?

 

 

Posted by & filed under Careers, Careers in Psychology, Introduction To Psychology, Psychology Website of the Week.

PSYCHOLOGY WEBSITE OF THE WEEK

TITLE

All Psychology Schools

URL  

http://www.allpsychologyschools.com/clinical-psychology/how-to-become-a-psychologist/

 

Tiny URL:   https://tinyurl.com/2p942m6e

DESCRIPTION

Though this is a commercial site, it should be considered as a helpful resource for students considering a career in Psychology.  There are lots of links to different types of careers in the field along with discussions of each career.  It is quite useful, and students could be directed to the site to have some of their career questions answered.

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Psychology Update, Sensation and Perception, Stress and Health Psychology.

TITLE

Scent loss and distortion due to COVID-19 shines new light on the nose

 

DESCRIPTION

The field of Psychology has long studied the topics of Sensation&Perception.  We know that there are more than the five basic senses though most people can only name the five.  Perhaps the sense of smell (the olfactory sense) doesn’t seem as important in humans as it is in some animals, but when it becomes dysfunctional then our lives can become tortured as has been demonstrated as one of the symptoms due to Covid-19.  “Parosmia, or smell distortion, can affect 7 to 12% of COVID-19 patients, according to various international researchers in the United Kingdom, Italy, and Iran. Though it’s not exactly known why the virus causes smell loss and distortion, people are looking for answers where they can.  On TikTok, the hashtags “postcovidparosmia” and “parosmiapostcovid” have racked millions of views as users share their experiences, look for help, or find some community in the experience. Facebook has become a go-to gathering place as well, with online groups popping up for people to share avenues of relief for people “desperate for solutions,” as noted in one group called Parosmia- Post COVID Support Group.”  Remember that the sense of taste (gustatory sense) is directly related to the sense of smell.  The article details how difficult lives have become due to the distorted olfactory sense.  Many case examples are cited to give a picture of the daily lives of those affected.  The article describes some on-going trials to help those cope and recover.  Psychologists are involved in every step of the process.

 

SOURCE

The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 11, 2022, by Maggie Hennessy

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.inquirer.com/food/smell-distortion-covid-19-20220311.html

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/2p8s9rnn

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•Can you name the 5 basic senses and several more?

•What is now hypothesized as to the cause of the distortion of the sense of smell (parosmia) due to Covid-19?  What are some of the symptoms experienced?  Why do people feel like their daily lives have become dysfunctional?

•Describe some of the attempts at finding a “cure” for the problem.

 

Posted by & filed under Child Development, Introduction To Psychology, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update.

TITLE

How to Help a Child With Math Anxiety

 

DESCRIPTION

Do you experience math anxiety?  A number of studies have begun to exam young children in school settings and their reactions to dealing with mathematics.  “Math anxiety is a common psychophysiological reaction characterized by feelings of dread and apprehension, increased heart rate and sweating. Up to 30 percent of people report moderate to high levels of math anxiety, a condition researchers have observed in children as young as 6. In brain-image scans, math-anxious children show more activity in the amygdala, a part of the brain central to processing fear.”  This is a short interesting article that points out how parents, peers, and teachers can trigger math anxiety in children.  The article offers simple steps to help children cope with the math anxiety and words of wisdom to the parents.

 

SOURCE

New York Times, March 22, 2022, by Malia Wollan

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/22/magazine/kids-math-anxiety.html?smid=em-share

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/224a2ppd

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•First read the textbook sections on anxiety, then looking at the article:  Does anxiety in children in anyway differ from anxiety in adults?  Yes? No?   Explain the rationale for your answer.

•According to the article, how do teachers and peers increase math anxiety in children?

•According to the article, what can parents do to help children cope with math anxiety?   

 

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Lecture Enhancement/Student Engagement, Psychology Resource of the Week, Psychology Update, Psychology Website of the Week.

PSYCHOLOGY SONG LIST OF THE WEEK

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1SBf7y_MN-u4t36QoGmpYy9utXyeatsl7AZsqkg6Z7Aw/edit#gid=0

 

Tiny URL:  https://tinyurl.com/2p86ab88

 

HOW TO USE THIS LIST

ToPIX is a product of the Office of Teaching Resources in Psychology, part of the Society for the Teaching of Psychology.

If you have to make a presentation have you ever wanted to pep it up and make it more engaging?  ToPIX provides a listing of songs by category.   Your classmates will really be further engaged in a lecture and discussion when you play these songs.    Check out the list.

 

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Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

TITLE

More Teenage Girls With Eating Disorders Wound Up in the E.R. During the Pandemic

A new C.D.C. study underscored the mental health issues facing teenagers in the past few years.

 

DESCRIPTION

It is important to note that mental health centers have reported an increase in disorders in adolescents through the pandemic.  The types of disorders include anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorders (tics) and eating disorders.  “During the pandemic, emergency rooms across the country reported an increase in visits from teenage girls dealing with eating and other disorders, including anxiety, depression and stress, according to new data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  The report provides new detail about the kinds of mental health issues affecting a generation of adolescents. Mental health experts hypothesize that the pandemic prompted some youth to feel isolated, lonely and out-of-control. Some coped by seeking to have control over their own behavior, said Emily Pluhar, a pediatric psychologist at Boston Children’s Hospital and instructor at Harvard Medical School… In the C.D.C. study, the agency said that the proportion of eating disorder visits doubled among teenage girls, set off by pandemic-related risk factors, like the “lack of structure in daily routine, emotional distress and changes in food availability.”  Additionally, there have been reports of increased tic disorders.  The C.D.C. defines tics as “Tics are sudden twitches, movements, or sounds that people do repeatedly. People who have tics cannot stop their body from doing these things.”  There is also some speculation that watching “tics” on social media such as TikTok may be a causal agent in the increase in this type of disorder.  

 

SOURCE

New York Times, February 18, 2022, by Matt Richter

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/02/18/health/girls-eating-disorders-pandemic.html?smid=em-share

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/ykcr7rsu

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What are some of the reasons for an increase in mental health disorders during the pandemic?

•According to the C.D.C., what types of mental health disorders have increased during the pandemic?  

•What are “tics” and what is the speculation of the causal agent due to social media during the pandemic?