Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

TITLE

The Link Between Type 2 Diabetes and Psychiatric Disorders

 

DESCRIPTION

Clearly this article provides expansive details regarding the links between physical health and mental health issues.  The article details the relationship between psychological and psychiatric disorders and Type 2 Diabetes as stated in the title.  “Living with mental-health disorders is challenging enough without adding physical ailments to the mix. But recent research suggests that people with psychiatric disorders also have higher rates of Type 2 diabetes, and the combination can be devastating.  “When people who have pre-existing mental illnesses develop diabetes, their outcomes are much worse,” says Anne Doherty, an associate professor of psychiatry at University College Dublin. Compared to people with Type 2 diabetes who don’t have mental illnesses, “they are more likely to develop complications, and they’re significantly more likely to die younger.” The relationship goes both ways; people with diabetes also tend to have higher rates of psychiatric disorders and face worse outcomes than people without diabetes.”  The article clearly states that there is a link between the two but not necessarily a causal relationship and further highlights the ongoing research.  The article provides numerous examples regarding how the issues of mental health and Type 2 Diabetes are found in those affected.  If  you understand the Bio-Psycho-Social approach to human behavior, it becomes clear about our physical health and psychological well-being interact with each other and the social milieu.  

 

SOURCE

Time, March 10, 2022, by Sandeep Ravindran

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://time.com/6156685/type-2-diabetes-mental-health/?utm_source=email&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=email-share-article&utm-term=health_disease

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/2ky25fc4

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What is believed to be the relationship regarding Type 2 Diabetes and Mental Health Disorders?

•How does the combination  affect  the daily lives of those who experience both of these?

•If you were a treating Psychologist working with these patients, what would be your recommendations regarding handling both the physical and mental health issues?

 

 

Posted by & filed under Careers, Careers in Psychology, Introduction To Psychology, Psychology Website of the Week.

PSYCHOLOGY WEBSITE OF THE WEEK

TITLE

All Psychology Schools

URL  https://www.allpsychologyschools.com

 

DESCRIPTION

Though this is a commercial site, it should be considered as a helpful resource for students considering a career in Psychology.  There are lots of links to different types of careers in the field along with discussions of each career.  It is quite useful, and students could be directed to the site to have some of their career questions answered.

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Psychology Update, Sensation and Perception, Stress and Health Psychology.

TITLE

Scent loss and distortion due to COVID-19 shines new light on the nose

 

DESCRIPTION

The field of Psychology has long studied the topics of Sensation&Perception.  We know that there are more than the five basic senses though most people can only name the five.  Perhaps the sense of smell (the olfactory sense) doesn’t seem as important in humans as it is in some animals, but when it becomes dysfunctional then our lives can become tortured as has been demonstrated as one of the symptoms due to Covid-19.  “Parosmia, or smell distortion, can affect 7 to 12% of COVID-19 patients, according to various international researchers in the United Kingdom, Italy, and Iran. Though it’s not exactly known why the virus causes smell loss and distortion, people are looking for answers where they can.  On TikTok, the hashtags “postcovidparosmia” and “parosmiapostcovid” have racked millions of views as users share their experiences, look for help, or find some community in the experience. Facebook has become a go-to gathering place as well, with online groups popping up for people to share avenues of relief for people “desperate for solutions,” as noted in one group called Parosmia- Post COVID Support Group.”  Remember that the sense of taste (gustatory sense) is directly related to the sense of smell.  The article details how difficult lives have become due to the distorted olfactory sense.  Many case examples are cited to give a picture of the daily lives of those affected.  The article describes some on-going trials to help those cope and recover.  Psychologists are involved in every step of the process.

 

SOURCE

The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 11, 2022, by Maggie Hennessy

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.inquirer.com/food/smell-distortion-covid-19-20220311.html

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/2p8s9rnn

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•Can you name the 5 basic senses and several more?

•What is now hypothesized as to the cause of the distortion of the sense of smell (parosmia) due to Covid-19?  What are some of the symptoms experienced?  Why do people feel like their daily lives have become dysfunctional?

•Describe some of the attempts at finding a “cure” for the problem.

 

Posted by & filed under Child Development, Introduction To Psychology, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update.

TITLE

How to Help a Child With Math Anxiety

 

DESCRIPTION

Do you experience math anxiety?  A number of studies have begun to exam young children in school settings and their reactions to dealing with mathematics.  “Math anxiety is a common psychophysiological reaction characterized by feelings of dread and apprehension, increased heart rate and sweating. Up to 30 percent of people report moderate to high levels of math anxiety, a condition researchers have observed in children as young as 6. In brain-image scans, math-anxious children show more activity in the amygdala, a part of the brain central to processing fear.”  This is a short interesting article that points out how parents, peers, and teachers can trigger math anxiety in children.  The article offers simple steps to help children cope with the math anxiety and words of wisdom to the parents.

 

SOURCE

New York Times, March 22, 2022, by Malia Wollan

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/22/magazine/kids-math-anxiety.html?smid=em-share

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/224a2ppd

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•First read the textbook sections on anxiety, then looking at the article:  Does anxiety in children in anyway differ from anxiety in adults?  Yes? No?   Explain the rationale for your answer.

•According to the article, how do teachers and peers increase math anxiety in children?

•According to the article, what can parents do to help children cope with math anxiety?   

 

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Lecture Enhancement/Student Engagement, Psychology Resource of the Week, Psychology Update, Psychology Website of the Week.

PSYCHOLOGY SONG LIST OF THE WEEK

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1SBf7y_MN-u4t36QoGmpYy9utXyeatsl7AZsqkg6Z7Aw/edit#gid=0

 

Tiny URL:  https://tinyurl.com/2p86ab88

 

HOW TO USE THIS LIST

ToPIX is a product of the Office of Teaching Resources in Psychology, part of the Society for the Teaching of Psychology.

If you have to make a presentation have you ever wanted to pep it up and make it more engaging?  ToPIX provides a listing of songs by category.   Your classmates will really be further engaged in a lecture and discussion when you play these songs.    Check out the list.

 

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Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Psychology Podcast of the Week.

PSYCHOLOGY PODCAST OF THE WEEK

CLICK HERE:      Psychology in Every Day Life: The Psych Files


(click on the title above to be directed to the iTunes preview for more information)

Britt_Psych_Files

DESCRIPTION

From iTunes Store

“The Psych Files is a podcast for anyone interested in the topic of psychology and how ideas in the field apply to everyday life.  Dr. Michael Britt brings you an upbeat, fun podcast of interest to everyone from psychology majors to those just interested in why people do what they do.”

HOW TO USE THIS PODCAST

Both the professor and students can download the app to their device or listen online through the iTunes store.  Like his website, Dr Britt weaves Psychology concepts into “every day life” examples.  The videos are entertaining and enriching and takes basic concepts from simple understanding to higher level application and integration cognitively for learning.

 

Bill Britt posted the last of his fabulous podcasts in February 2020.  All of this podcasts of the past are wonderful.  So rather than lose the link, it is listed here as a resource for both students and educators.

Posted by & filed under Brain Structure and Function, Careers, Introduction To Psychology, Nervous System, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

TITLE

Spinal Stimulation Device Helps Paralyzed Patients Walk, Cycle and Swim

 

DESCRIPTION

This is an important article that will provide a great deal of hope for those people who have experienced a spinal cord injury.  “To perform an action like walking, the brain sends a message to our muscles in the form of electricity that tells the legs to move. But after a complete spinal cord injury, the brain’s signals can’t reach the nerves, resulting in paralysis. By using electrical stimulation from electrodes, doctors were able to send similar electrical signals to the body that the brain normally would, like “sit,” “stand,” or “walk.”  The flexible electrodes, which sit between the spinal nerves and vertebrae, are controlled with the touch of a tablet screen. The patient or doctor can then control pulses that activate muscles in the trunk and legs, according to the study published in the journal Nature Medicine. Depending on the electrode stimulation pattern, the signals translate to specific muscle activities, like getting up from a chair or riding a bike.”

There are a number of branches of medicine that include psychologists as part of the teams that work with individuals who have suffered serious injuries especially of the brain and spinal cord.  The knowledge that psychologists have developed about the “normal” functioning has been integrated into the medical aspects of recovery from these types of traumatic injuries.  The knowledge comprises an understanding of the brain functions, neurons, spinal cord, and nerve transmission.   Also, in the long term, the individual’s would need to work through psychotherapy to deal with their trauma.  The article has a link (included above) to the medical journal that provides the information about the rehabilitation and several important diagrams of the nervous system and spinal cord.

 

SOURCE

Smithsonian, February 9, 2022, by Corryn Wetzel

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/spinal-stimulation-device-helps-paralyzed-patients-walk-cycle-and-swim-180979548/?utm_source=smithsoniandaily&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20220209-daily-responsive&spMailingID=46376091&spUserID=NzQwNDU3MDAyMDIS1&spJobID=2181091396&spReportId=MjE4MTA5MTM5NgS2undefined

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/ytaf7tas

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What is a spinal cord injury?  What are the consequences?

•Explain the “normal” sequence of neural events that enable us to both experience sensations and also to make voluntary movements?

•Specifically, how does this rehabilitation work for the injured person?   

•What type of contribution to the rehabilitation can a psychologist make?

 

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Psychology Video of the Week, Stress and Health Psychology.

TITLE

Reliving Trauma Through Virtual Reality is Helping Veterans With PTSD

 

DESCRIPTION

This link is to a 2-minute video that discusses and briefly demonstrates the use of Virtual Reality therapy as a tool to help veterans with PTSD.  “Soldiers who experienced combat trauma have a new way of getting help — walking through a virtual reality simulation of their experience. Deana Mitchell (narrator) spoke to a psychologist about how it works.”

This brief video demonstrates a new technique to supplement “talk therapy” to enable the veteran to begin to experience relief after combat and subsequent PTSD.

 

SOURCE

VOA News, January 25, 2022, by Deana Mitchell

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.voanews.com/a/reliving-trauma-through-virtual-reality-is-helping-veterans-with-ptsd/6411600.html

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/2p9dmnph

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What is PTSD?  Is it only veterans who experience PTSD or others who have experienced trauma?

•How does virtual realty (VR) work for the reduction of PTSD symptoms?

•Why does the interviewed psychologist recommend cautions in working with PTSD trauma victims?

 

Posted by & filed under Careers, Careers in Psychology, Introduction To Psychology, Psychology Update, Psychology Website of the Week.

PSYCHOLOGY WEBSITE OF THE WEEK

TITLE

Dr. Kit Nast:  Psychology — Educational/Career Website

URL  

    

http://www.drkit.org/psychology

DESCRIPTION

This is a fabulous website that will help your students with career questions and will be a great resource for teaching.

from Dr Kit Nast:

“I’m pleased to announce that I have recently relaunched my educational/career website. Specifically, my updated psychology page may be of great use to you and your students” – 

www.drkit.org/psychology <http://www.drkit.org/psychology>

“This information will help to get the students into the field and will assist in helping undergraduate students to find appropriate graduate programs.  In addition, I’m looking for students and faculty in some of your programs who can be featured on the website.  Not only are these great resources, but they also may provide for some free marketing for your program.”

Thank you!

Dr. Kit

Psychology Instructor

Bishop State Community College

 

Posted by & filed under Motivation and Emotion, Personality, Psychology Update, States of Consciousness.

TITLE

Dreams: Here’s What Your Recurring Nightmares Actually Mean

 

DESCRIPTION

Given these difficult times during the pandemic, it is no surprise that many people have reported having an increase in bad dreams and nightmares.  

We all dream as part of our sleep cycle and label it as REM (rapid eye movement) stage of the cycle.  Some remember their dreams and many do not as the dreams fade from memory.  Certainly fascination with dreams throughout all civilizations and cultures, and Sigmund Freud made an attempt to connect dreams to personality and emotions.   There has been much research since Freud’s time that have looked at dreaming in a different way as related to daily functioning of our cognitive processes rather than as a window into the hypothesized (Freudian) unconscious.  This interesting article focuses specifically on recurrent bad dreams and recent research. 

“Everyone has a bad dream once in a while. But having the same one over and over may signal that something specific is missing in your daily life, new research suggests. Men and women in the study who felt frustrated and incompetent during the day were more likely to have recurrent bad dreams at night than those who felt satisfied and in control.  Other research has suggested that positive or negative emotions carry over into dreams, and that bad dreams may represent the leftover parts (active link) of poorly processed experiences, the authors wrote in their study published in the journal Motivation and Emotion. (active link) Less is known about the role of social and environmental cues—how people relate to themselves and those around them—in shaping dreams.”  For the student of psychology, the article focuses on how the research is conducted and the conclusions of various studies.  Well worth reading!

 

SOURCE

Time, December 15, 2017, by Amanda MacMillan

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://time.com/5060932/recurring-nightmares-psychology/?utm_source=email&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=email-share-article&utm-term=health_sleep

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/24cx3fa9

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

•According to your textbook, how does dreaming fit into the normal sleep cycle and REM activity?

•Using your textbook, what are the hypothesized functions of dreaming?

•The article discusses research studies on recurrent dreams.  What are recurrent dreams?  What are the hypothesized causes of recurrent dreams?  What are the conclusions of the research studies?