Posted by & filed under Child Development, Introduction To Psychology, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

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All Children 8 and Older Should Be Screened for Anxiety, U.S. Task Force Says

 

DESCRIPTION

This is an extremely important article for all levels of students in Psychology as well as the Professor.  The article delineates the going crisis of mental health in children that is more evident now than ever as we move through this period of the pandemic.  “The worsening state of mental health among children has prompted an influential group of experts to recommend for the first time screening all children ages 8 to 18 for anxiety, one of the most common mental health disorders of childhood.  A draft of the new guidelines, which is open to public comment, will most likely be finalized later this year. It was issued on Tuesday by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, a panel of volunteer experts appointed by a federal government agency to make recommendations to health care providers about clinical preventive care.”  “Kids with behavioral problems are more likely to be identified as needing help, but if children with anxiety disorders aren’t causing problems at school or at home, they could easily “slip through the cracks,” he said.  The pandemic has only continued to exacerbate the problems children have been experiencing.”

The article can be used in conjunction with chapters on child development, Abnormal/Psychopathology, and therapy and should be considered a must read.

 

SOURCE

New York Times, April 12, 2022, by Christina Caron

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/04/12/well/mind/children-anxiety-screening.html?smid=em-share

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/48rsukwu

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•According to the article, what are the current observations regarding childhood psychopathology?  What types of symptoms are being found in children screenings?

•Please list the the “signs” of mental health and behavioral changes that teachers and parents should be aware of to assess whether a child is experiencing a mental health problem.

•What are the recommendations for working with children who are having a mental health issue?

 

Posted by & filed under Brain Structure and Function, Cognitive Psychology, Introduction To Psychology, Memory, Psychology Update.

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Why We Remember Music and Forget Everything Else

 

DESCRIPTION

This is a fascinating and fun article that describes how we “remember” music as it relates to our nervous system, memory system, and personality. It is not particularly technical so it is easy and breezy to read. “People often wonder why we tend to remember songs and lyrics more easily than our own memories, where we kept our keys, and what we learned in school. It seems to be because of how often we experience music, in the world or in our minds, and the joy and emotional connection it brings us. Music represents who we are and how we feel, so of course it’s what we remember.”  The article also discusses a new on line app: HEARDLE  This is a game like Wordle  but relates to music identification.

 

SOURCE

Time, April 14, 2022, by Nayantara Dutta

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://time.com/6167197/psychology-behind-remembering-music/?utm_source=email&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=email-share-article&utm-term=health_psychology

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/2p8pa9rj

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•According to the article, why do we remember music better than other aspects of our daily lives?

•What is “autobiographical memory” ?

•If you were to give a lecture to your fellow classmates, how would you describe this phenomenon to them?  What examples would you provide?

 

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Professional Organization, Psychology Resource of the Week, Psychology Update, Psychology Website of the Week, Scholarship and Teaching of Psychology.

 

PSYCHOLOGY WEBSITE OF THE WEEK 

PSYCHOLOGY HONOR SOCIETIES

Psi Chi

https://www.psichi.org/default.aspx

 

International Honor Society in Psychology

Psi Beta

https://www.psibeta.org

Community College National Honor Society in Psychology

Description

These are the APA affiliated Honor Societies for Psychology majors.  These sites offer a wealth of resources for students interested in continuing their education in the field.  Additionally, each of the sites give instructions on establishing a chapter at the college if none as yet exists.  

Posted by & filed under Brain Structure and Function, Cognitive Psychology, Memory, Nervous System, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology, Thinking, Language, and Intelligence.

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What It’s Like Living With Aphasia, Bruce Willis’s Condition

 

DESCRIPTION

As you may have already heard and/or read, Bruce Willis has been diagnosed with the condition known as aphasia.  What is aphasia?

“Symptoms vary, but generally, aphasia affects people’s ability to speak or comprehend language. Speech, reading, writing, and the ability to listen can be affected. It often occurs suddenly after a stroke or other brain injury damages parts of the brain involved in language expression and comprehension. In other cases, known as primary progressive aphasia, the condition gets worse slowly over time, and patients may develop dementia-like symptoms.”  This is a simple to understand comprehensive article that not only provides details regarding the disorder of aphasia but also the social and psychological issues and consequences of living with the condition.  The article describes some possible routes to therapy, and importantly, what steps family and friends can take to aid the person experiencing the condition.   It is important to note that psychologists as well as speech pathologists are often part of the treatment team working with the individual.  This article is a good resource for those considering careers in this field.

 

SOURCE

Time, March 31, 2022, by Tara Law

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://time.com/6163559/aphasia-symptoms-bruce-willis/?utm_source=email&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=email-share-article&utm-term=health_medicine

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/2p8zpk8v

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What is aphasia?  What are the symptoms and causes?

•What are the possible treatments for aphasia?  Is recovery possible?

•Imagine that you are the Psychologist explaining aphasia to the family of Bruce Willis (or anyone who has presented with the disorder?  How would you explain the disorder in terms of both brain function and everyday living in the social world?

 

 

Posted by & filed under Child Development, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

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There’s a Mental-Health Crisis Among American Children. Why?

DESCRIPTION

This is an important article to understand psychological disorders among children and adolescents both during and before the pandemic.  “Indeed, the C.D.C. last month reported a pronounced increase in similar tics (active link to article) based on evidence from a source never before used to assess specific mental-health conditions among the nation’s children: emergency-room data. For girls ages 12 to 17, the proportion of visits to the E.R. for tics nearly tripled during the pandemic as of January 2022. Visits also doubled for eating disorders, and there were increases related to anxiety, trauma and stress and obsessive-compulsive disorders.”  This NY Times article provides details of the increase in mental health visits to emergency rooms, clinics, and practitioners that point to the stressors, depression, anxiety, and many other symptoms experienced by children.    Details of the probable causes and ways to handle such issues are provided in the article.  It is a must reading for students interested in mental health issues and for parents as well.

 

SOURCE

New York Times, March 23, 2022, by Kim Tingley

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/23/magazine/mental-health-crisis-kids.html?smid=em-share

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/22m6znsp

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•According to the article, what types of mental health symptoms have become prevalent through the pandemic?

•True or False:  there were no indications of mental health issues pre-pandemic (covid-19)?  Please justify your answer.

•What advice is suggested to parents to help and perhaps prevent mental health issue in children?

 

 

Posted by & filed under Cognitive Psychology, Introduction To Psychology, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Podcast of the Week, Psychology Update, Psychology Video of the Week, Stress and Health Psychology, Ted Talk.

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Ted Talk and Podcast

Feeling good | David Burns | TEDxReno

 

DESCRIPTION

David Burns, MD is the best selling author of perhaps the best and most effective self-help book “Feeling Good: The New Mood Therapy.”  He has recently published “Feeling Great: The Revolutionary New Treatment for Depression and Anxiety”  He is a prolific researcher into Cognitive Therapy and a wonderful speaker.

Though this is an older TedTalk, it will help you understand Cognitive Therapy.  Dr Burns’ website will provide you with many resources including his podcast and blog.   If you really want to understand how Cognitive Therapy works and how effective it is, then by all means, check out his website and TedTalk.

 

SOURCE

 

TEDxTALK, September 5, 2014, David Burns, MD

Feeling Good Website: https://feelinggood.com/

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

Click on the link  to go to the YouTube Video

(For the  Tedtalk):    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H1T5uMeYv9Q

 

FOR David Burns “Feeling Good WEBSITE AND PODCASTS

URL for the website:   https://feelinggood.com/

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

•What is Cognitive Therapy?  How effective is it?

•What is the basic philosophy underlying Cognitive Therapy?

•What are the principles behind Cognitive Therapy?

•What problems can be treated most effectively?

 

Posted by & filed under History, Introduction To Psychology, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

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How a Soap Opera Virus Felled Hundreds of Students in Portugal

DESCRIPTION

Psychology Update, in the past few weeks, has posted a few articles regarding “TikTok Tics”.  That is, due to social media, many adolescent girls have been showing Tourette-like symptoms after watching videos of others displaying tics on the social media platform.  This phenomenon is like other past episodes of mass hysteria.   In 2006, Portuguese students began having serious physical and psychological problems after watch a benign soap opera called, “Strawberries With Sugar” (English translation).  From the Smithsonian article:  “The Portuguese students weren’t suffering from a virus or allergies: they’d come down with mass psychogenic illness.  In a psychogenic illness, a psychological trigger—rather than a biological or environmental one—causes actual physical symptoms. 

“As sociologist Robert Bartholomew explains: “Mass hysteria is the placebo effect in reverse. People can literally make themselves ill from nothing more than an idea.” Bartholomew has studied mass hysteria extensively, and written about outbreaks around the world.”

“Parents and students fight the diagnosis as no one wants to accept that their kids were ‘hysterical,’” he said by email. “In reality, it’s a collective stress reaction and found in normal people.”  

“Also known as mass hysteria or conversion disorder, mass psychogenic illness can be divided into two main types: anxiety hysteria (triggered by extreme anxiety in a close-knit group and causing dizziness, headaches and fainting) and motor hysteria (which disproportionately affects girls and women, and results from long-term stress, causing twitching, shaking, facial tics and other muscular convulsions).”

This fascinating article gives a detailed history of such events that have occurred in many  cultures and societies over hundreds of years.  To the reader:  does “TikTok Tics” follow the same patterns as the same psychogenic illness due to social media?

 

SOURCE

Smithsonian, March 6, 2017 by  Lorraine Boissoneault

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/how-soap-opera-virus-felled-hundreds-students-portugal-180962383/

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/39j97pbt

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What is a “psychogenic illness”?  How is it explained?

•Are the adolescents who show symptoms of psychogenic  illness faking?  Or are the symptoms real?

•How do psychologists account for psychogenic illness and mass hysteria?

 

 

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Psychology Update, Psychology Website of the Week, States of Consciousness, Stress and Health Psychology.

PSYCHOLOGY WEBSITE OF THE WEEK

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Penn Medicine — Penn Program for Mindfulness

URL 

http://www.pennmedicine.org/mindfulness/

 

DESCRIPTION

Michael Baime has conducted major research on the benefits of Mindfulness Mediation.  His work group at the University of Pennsylvania has thoroughly investigated the benefits of of this process and developed empirically based intervention programs.   The website provides information about this process and its benefits.

Posted by & filed under Brain Structure and Function, Careers, Cognitive Psychology, Introduction To Psychology, Nervous System, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Thinking, Language, and Intelligence.

3 ARTICLES ABOUT THE COMMUNICATION DISORDER APHASIA (including Bruce Willis)

ARTICLE #1

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WHAT IS APHASIA?

 

DESCRIPTION

In the passed few weeks, there has been news coverage about Bruce Willis retiring from his acting due to aphasia.  This week’s Psychology Update focuses on Aphasia through two important resources and a news story about Bruce Willis.  

This site is a great student (and faculty) resource regarding communication disorders that includes aphasia as well as deafness and other disorders.  It clearly presents a picture of the disorder, symptoms, causes, treatments, and a number of diagrams related to the areas of the brain.  

Psychology students interested in working with these types of disorders will find the site very helpful.

 

SOURCE

pastedGraphic.png

Advancing the science of communication to improve lives

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/aphasia

 

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ARTICLE #2

 

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LEARN ABOUT APHASIA

 

DESCRIPTION

This is another great site that focuses exclusively on the disorder of aphasia.  It provides a valuable resource for the understanding of the disorder.  Students can use this site in conjunction with the text around disorders, therapy, and the chapters on brain and nervous system.  It can also be part of a discussion of careers in Psychology.

 

SOURCE

National Aphasia Association

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.aphasia.org/aphasia-definitions/

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/2945z95b

 

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ARTICLE #3

 

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Difference Between Aphasia, Dementia Explained After Bruce Willis Diagnosis

 

DESCRIPTION

Sadly in March 2022, the family of Bruce Willis announced that he would be retiring from his notable acting career due to aphasia — a severe communication disorder.  This article discusses Bruce Willis and how aphasia can affect a person’s life.  “There are many causes of aphasia. Sometimes the condition can be caused by a stroke, but it can also be caused by a brain tumor, head injury, or an infection.  Dementia is another medical condition that affects cognitive abilities, including the ability to communicate.  The difference between the two is that aphasia is a symptom—communication difficulty—whereas dementia is a wider umbrella diagnosis for cognitive decline.  “Aphasia is the loss of language abilities due to brain damage, which affects the ability to use words including speaking, understanding speech, reading and writing,” Professor Marian Brady, director of stroke rehabilitation research at Glasgow Caledonian University in the U.K., told Newsweek. “Dementia is an umbrella term for general cognitive decline of which one aspect may be language problems.””

The article includes a brief video explanation of aphasia and possible causes and symptoms.

 

SOURCE

Newsweek, March 31, 2022, by Ed Browne

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.newsweek.com/bruce-willis-difference-between-aphasia-dementia-explained-1693729

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/m7xtxfdb

 

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CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What is aphasia?  What are the symptoms, causes, and possible treatments?

•How is aphasia different from dementia?  

•Imagine that you are the Psychologist explaining aphasia to the family of Bruce Willis (or anyone who has presented with the disorder?  How would you explain the disorder in terms of both brain function and everyday living in the social world?

 

Posted by & filed under Psychology App of the Week, Psychology Update, States of Consciousness, Stress and Health Psychology.

PSYCHOLOGY APP OF THE WEEK

The Mindfulness App
  (free with in-app purchases)

MindfulnessApp

(click on your platform)        iOS    OR    Android

DESCRIPTION

From Google Play Store and iTunes Store

Do you want to find more balance in today’s increasingly stressful existence? Do you think that meditation seems difficult? Try the Mindfulness App.  The Mindfulness App is a tool for increasing your awareness in life. It helps you with the most difficult aspect of Mindfulness practice – namely to remember to be mindful.

It is of course possible to start a meditation just by starting the Mindfulness App and choose which meditation you want to listen to – for example if you have some time in the subway, bus, in a queue or if you just want to sit for a while.

All the meditations that you have done are stored in the statistics section so that you have a possibility to follow how your meditation practice is developing over time.

The Mindfulness App contains:
4 Guided meditations: 3, 5, 15, and 30 minutes
4 Silent meditations with bells: 3, 5, 15, and 30 minutes
1 Guided Body Scan
Possibility of designing a modified meditation with our without guided intro
Mindfulness Notices
Reminder function
Statistics

The Mindfulness app is a great tool for everyone who wants to become more present in their life, both beginners and more experienced practitioners. We are confident that it will enhance your day and make your life richer and more interesting!

HOW TO USE THIS APP

The app can be used for class discussion and for those classes wherein students are asked to keep a journal, the app, which provides statistics, can be used as a basis for personal qualitative research.  Students can also use the app to deal with test anxiety through meditation.

If for no other purpose, the app can be used to illustrate the principles of the popular Mindfulness Meditation technique.