Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

TITLE

How Is Depression Treated? Let Me Show You

 

DESCRIPTION

This is a most unusual article.  It is an interactive piece that takes you on a journey as both a patient and a professional.  The premise is that a depressed individual shows up at a psychiatrists office.  The interactive piece asks the reader to chose options for care that may include psychotherapy, group therapy, and medications.  The situations presented are life like and the author clearly shows many of the obstacles that prevent individuals from alleviation of the depression.  If you have the time, it is worth exploring each option to try to get an understanding of what is at stake in the treatment of depression.

 

SOURCE

New York Times,  September 27, 2022, by Awais Aftab

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2022/09/27/opinion/how-to-treat-depression.html?searchResultPosition=1

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/4z2j23nb

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•As you work your way through this interactive exercise, what are the goals for helping the individual in the examples given?    Are the goals achieved?  Why or why not?

•The author of the article deliberately sets up obstacles and barriers to recovery from the depression.  What are the particular obstacles that are being expressed in the exercise?

•In your opinion, what did you think of this type of interactive article?  What is the rationale for your opinion?

 

Posted by & filed under Child Development, Psychology Update, Psychology Website of the Week, Scholarship and Teaching of Psychology, Stress and Health Psychology.

PSYCHOLOGY WEBSITE OF THE WEEK

TITLE

Magination Press Family

URL      

https://www.maginationpressfamily.org

DESCRIPTION

From the website:

“Magination Press Family combines the expertise and resources of the American Psychological Association and its children’s book imprint, Magination Press. We’ve created these dedicated sites to provide accessible information for parents, educators, and other caregivers about managing stress and anxiety and promoting mindfulness in children and teens.”

Note:  This is a fabulous website of resources for students and families interested with working with children around Psychological Issues.

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Motivation and Emotion, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

TITLE

What to Know About Health Anxiety

(How to Tell If Your Health Concerns Are Normal—Or a Sign of Something More)

 

DESCRIPTION

In the past few years with the pandemic, rates of anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), and depression have increased significantly.  This has amounted to a great deal of worry and distress regarding health for one-self and family.  “Especially during a pandemic, it’s normal to analyze your health. But for some people, those thoughts can cross a line into more problematic territory. At least 4% of the U.S. population lives with what’s known as health anxiety, or an excessive preoccupation with health and illness—and symptoms of the condition may have emerged or worsened for certain people during these virus-dominated recent years, experts say….. health anxiety has been formally known as “illness anxiety disorder” and is characterized by excessive worry about having or developing a serious disease, often even if tests don’t show anything wrong. People with this condition frequently become fixated on mild or routine physical sensations—fearing that a headache could be an early sign of a brain tumor, for example.”  While in the past, the very “hypochondriasis” was used, it has become clear that people can experience heightened levels of distress without reaching a diagnosis.  Some therapists have noted that those with OCD begin to ramp up their health searches on the internet (“cyberchondria”).  The article provides some further insights into the type of effective therapy to help with the health anxiety.  Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) has been show to be the most effective therapeutic aid.

 

SOURCE

Time, September 20, 2022, by Jamie Ducharme

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://time.com/6214829/health-anxiety-covid-19-pandemic/?utm_medium=email&utm_source=sfmc&utm_campaign=newsletter+brief+default+ac&utm_content=+++20220929+++body&et_rid=207786296&lctg=207786296

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/2dyypfj2

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What is “health anxiety”?  How is it related to OCD? What would be the symptom pattern used to diagnosis this problem?

•What are the possible ways that a Psychologist can be helpful for someone experiencing health anxiety?

•If you were giving a lecture for a class project, what type of examples would you provide to illustrate health anxiety?

 

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Psychology App of the Week, Psychology Resource of the Week, Psychology Update.

APP OF THE WEEK

PAR  TOOLKIT

PAR_Toolkit

 

(Click on your platform):  (free)       iOS    &    Android

 

DESCRIPTION

From Google Play Store and iTunes Store

“The PAR Assessment Toolkit provides quick access to the tools you use on a daily basis! Features include a normal curve, a conversion chart, a compliancy calculator, an age calculator, a stopwatch, and a QR code reader. The app has been updated to provide more functionality, a more modern look and feel, and improved features—and it’s still free!”

NOTE:  Check the app for the useful tools that are listed above.  PAR is also the marketer of testing materials for Psychological Assessment.

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Nervous System, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

TITLE

The Psychological Effects of Being Displaced By a Hurricane

 

DESCRIPTION

This is a very timely article about the impact of a naturally occurring event such as a hurricane.  It is a very up to date article that focuses on the recent impact of the hurricanes that hit the south east coast in September of 2022.  Many injured, dead, and lost homes and experienced distress and mental health issues as a result.  “But perhaps less visible—though still impactful—is the havoc a storm of this magnitude can wreak upon the psyches of those who live through it. According to ample research, the psychological effects of a hurricane can leave people reeling, particularly those who are displaced from their home before or during the disaster.” … For some people, such distress can lead to trouble with sleeping, anger and irritability, and a decreased sense of safety, which, Dr. Morganstein points out, can have adverse effects even if they are in a physically safe and secure place.  To cope with these distressing emotions, displaced people commonly begin to use or up their intake of substances like alcohol and tobacco, according to studies conducted after the 2004 Florida hurricanes and Hurricane Katrina. This presents “a serious public mental health problem, regardless of whether people have prior substance-use issues,” says Dr. Morganstein. Increased alcohol use, alone, for example, can raise the risk for violence in communities, errors and other problems in the workplace, and family conflict, he says. And any of the above will only deepen the psychological effects that people are already facing by being displaced by a hurricane.”

The article enumerates two important sections to increase our understanding of the issue and offers some ways to manage through the disaster.  The sections are:  “8 factors that make certain people displaced by a hurricane more likely to experience negative psychological effects.” and  “4 ways to mitigate the psychological effects of being displaced by a hurricane.”

 

SOURCE

Well+Good, October 3, 2022, by Erica Sloan

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.wellandgood.com/psychological-effects-displaced-hurricane/

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/46p5zwka

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•How does a disaster such as a hurricane that displaces people affect them psychologically?  What are some of the symptoms?  What are some of the ineffective harmful ways that some people cope?

•Pick 3 of the factors from “8 factors that make certain people displaced by a hurricane more likely to experience negative psychological effects” that you believe are most important to understand after a disaster?   What is your rationale for your choices?

•Which one of the “4 ways to mitigate the psychological effects of being displaced by a hurricane” would be most helpful in your opinion?   What is the rationale for your answer?

 

Posted by & filed under Child Development, Introduction To Psychology, Personality, Professional Organization, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Resource of the Week, Psychology Update, Psychology Website of the Week, Stress and Health Psychology.

PSYCHOLOGY WEBSITES OF THE WEEK

TITLE

About Tourette Syndrome

 

SOURCE #1:  CDC:  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

URL:      https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/tourette/facts.html

 

SOURCE #2:   Tourette Association of America

URL: https://tourette.org/about-tourette/overview/what-is-tourette/

 

DESCRIPTION

These are excellent resources for understanding Tourette Syndrome and Tics.  The sites provide definitions, research, and explains the different types of tics, causes, and treatments.

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Resource of the Week, Psychology Update, Social Psychology, Stress and Health Psychology.

3 RELATED ARTICLES ON THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS:  TikTok & Tics

===================================

ARTICLE #1

TITLE

Tics and TikTok: Can social media trigger illness? 

 

DESCRIPTION

Throughout history and especially during the pandemic, groups have been shown to experience a kind of mass hysteria for lack of a better expression up until now.  This is a fabulous article that is well worth reading as a resource for the understanding of “sociogenic illness.”  “What is sociogenic illness?  The hallmark of these conditions is that multiple people within a social group develop similar, medically inexplicable, and often bizarre symptoms. In some cases, those affected believe they have been exposed to something dangerous, such as a toxin or contagion, although thorough investigation finds none.  The suffering caused by these illnesses is quite real and profound — even in the absence of a clear cause and presence of normal test results. And no, a person with sociogenic illness is not “just looking for attention” or “doing it on purpose.”

There are a number of articles (two mentioned below) pointing to how adolescent women are showing signs of Tourette Syndrome after watching various social media posts especially on TikTok.

This Harvard Health letter article details some history of “mass hysteria” over the years up to the present.  It provides details of what comprises a “sociogenic illness”, causes, and possible treatments.  It really is a valuable resource for students interested in the topic.

 

SOURCE

Harvard Health & Publishing, January 18, 2022, by Robert H. Shmerling, MD

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/tics-and-tiktok-can-social-media-trigger-illness-202201182670

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/33zfm26a

 

===============================

 

ARTICLE #2

TITLE

Is TikTok Causing Tics in Teen Girls? What Parents Need to Know

A pediatric neurologist explains the troubling rise in teens with tics

 

DESCRIPTION

This is an outstanding article that explains Tourette Syndrome and the difference between sociogenic induced tics and similar behaviors.
“TikTok tics: what teens are doing  Globally, doctors were seeing that teens with sudden-onset tics shouted the exact same phrases and experienced the same uncontrolled movements:

  • Repetition of seemingly random words or phrases, including “beans,” “woo-hoo” and “flying shark.”
  • Repetition of swear words and other obscene phrases.
  • Hand/arm movements, including clapping and pointing.
  • Hitting or banging body parts, other people or objects.

The similarities in tics — especially given patients’ geographic distance — gave doctors their first clue that social media was at the root of the phenomenon. That’s because true Tourette syndrome tics are unique to each person, not so overwhelmingly alike.”  The article written by a pediatric neurologist, Dr. Mohammed Aldosari, MD, is authoritative and can be a resource for further understanding of the phenomenon.  Suggestions for treatment and therapy are provided and worth understanding in terms of how to work with individuals experiencing these issues.

 

SOURCE

Cleveland Clinic, Health Essentials, November 10, 2021

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://health.clevelandclinic.org/tiktok-causing-tics-in-teen-girls/

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/kt87jpf5

 

===============================

ARTICLE #3

TITLE

TikTok Tics: A Pandemic Within a Pandemic 

 

DESCRIPTION

 

This is a long abstract of a journal article regarding “TikTok Tics.”  It is provided for students to view professional writing on the topic.  The abstract is sufficient enough to understand how journal articles are written.  The entire article is available for a fee but should not be necessary — the abstract is sufficient.  From the abstract:  “TikTok tics are distinct from what is typically seen in patients with Tourette syndrome, although share many characteristics with functional tics. We believe this to be an example of mass sociogenic illness, which involves behaviors, emotions, or conditions spreading spontaneously through a group. A modern clinician needs to remain abreast of social media sources as knowledge of media content is essential in managing patients in the current environment.”

 

SOURCE

International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society, July 28, 2021, by Caroline Olvera MD, Glenn T. Stebbins  PhD, Cristopher G Goetz MD, Katie Kompoliti MD

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://movementdisorders.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/mdc3.13316

 

(https://doi.org/10.1002/mdc3.13316)

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/56m96cr9

 

===============================

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•First:  what is Tourette Disorder?  What are the symptoms?

•What do the various articles mean by stating that TikTok Tics are a “sociogenic illness”? 

•Can you specify how TikTok Tics are different from those found in Tourette Disorder?

•In the history of Psychology, have their been other events that can be viewed as “mass hysteria”?

•If you were working with an adolescent woman experiencing this issue (TicTok Tics), what would you recommend as therapy?

 

 

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Nervous System, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology App of the Week, Psychology Resource of the Week, Psychology Update.

APP OF THE WEEK

PSYCH DRUGS & MEDICATIONS

PsychDrugs

 

iOS

(click on the platform)

 

 

 

Android

 

 

DESCRIPTION

From  iTunes Store

“Want to learn about psychotropic medications quickly and easily? Then check out this free app!

With Psych Drugs, you can learn important and useful information about various psychotropic medications such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, and anti-anxiety medications.

Some major classes of psych drugs include: SSRIs, TCAs, MAOIs, second generation (atypical) antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, and meds for insomnia, anxiety, depression, ADHD, alcohol dependence, opioid dependence and nicotine addiction, etc…

Perfect for psychology test and flashcards log, you can learn about drug interaction or interactions, meds apps, mental health, diseases and disability. This cool app also serves as a reminder and personality checker like a healing book diary full of medical terms and terminology dictionary info and smart facts.

Also as a nursing central handbook for pill identifier and identification, medication guide for this dot com age of psychological testing and games.

For each medication, you will find:
Generic name
Brand name
Class
Indications
Dosage forms
Maximum daily dose for adults
Maximum daily dose for adolescents and children
Half-life
Side effects

This useful app is ideal for medical and mental health professionals, psychiatrist, psychiatric residents, medical students, psychology students, therapists, counselors, and of course curious lay people who just want to familiarize themselves with psychotropic medications. If you want more detailed information, you can check out other medical apps like epocrates rx, webmd mobile cme, and medscape for symptom checker, and baby health prescription!

Scroll alphabetically through the list and quickly jump to a letter with an A-Z side panel.
Find a medication quickly with convenient search bar function.
Tap on the medication to learn about it.
Save your favorites with a touch of a button.
Share drug info with a friend via email.”

HOW TO USE THIS APP

When the topic of Abnormal Psychology comes up in class, invariably there are questions about psychogenic drugs.  This is an excellent resource that maintains an updated information base that will provide answers for the class discussions and questions.

Posted by & filed under Brain Structure and Function, Cognitive Psychology, Nervous System, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Podcast of the Week, Stress and Health Psychology.

PSYCHOLOGY PODCAST OF THE WEEK

NAME

Concussion Talk Podcast

 

 

SOURCE

https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/concussion-talk-podcast/id1042686652?mt=2

 

DESCRIPTION

From the iTunes Store

“Concussion Talk Podcasts will feature interviews with; doctors, physiotherapists, who work in the field of concussion and brain injury, others in the medical field, athletes, trainers, coaches, others in sport, athletics and exercise (such as Pilates and other exercise instructors), and community brain injury and concussion groups, and others!”

 

HOW TO USE THIS APP

These podcasts can be used as “homework” or for project based learning assignments.   Given the issues of concussion and sports related injuries, students may be motivated to listen and report their understanding.  The chapters on brain and nervous system should be assigned as providing the bases for understanding.

Posted by & filed under Animal Behavior Studies, Child Development, Introduction To Psychology, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

TITLE

How Therapy Dogs Can Help Kids With Stress Relief

A new study suggests that spending time with therapy dogs may help lower children’s stress levels even more than relaxation exercises.

 

DESCRIPTION

This is a very personal (to the children)  and helpful study that examines whether an animal companion can be helpful to children in the reduction of anxiety and stress.  A study (active link) published on Wednesday shines a light on that powerful child-canine connection. It found that twice-weekly sessions with a dog and its handler significantly lowered children’s levels of cortisol — the body’s stress hormone — which they measured through saliva samples. The intervention appeared to be more effective than guided relaxation sessions… Our study shows, for the first time, that dog-assisted interventions can indeed lead to lower stress in children, with and without special educational needs, over a typical school term,” said Kerstin Meints, a professor in developmental psychology at the University of Lincoln in England, and one of the study’s researchers.”  

This study is useful for Psychology students in not only demonstrating how a therapy companion animal can be helpful, but also in looking and understanding the methodology of the study.  The article clearly explains how the study was conducted so that students can get a perspective on how research is done.  The authors of the study also point out how the one study can generate further studies to provide more data and a greater understanding of the topic.  There is a live link in the paragraph above that will lead to the journal study that this NY Times article is based upon.

 

SOURCE

New York Times, June 15, 2022, by Catherine Pearson

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

(Available as audio in addition to the text.)

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/06/15/well/family/therapy-dogs-kids-stress.html?smid=em-share

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/4dadbk92

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What was the rationale for this study? What prompted the researchers to conduct a study like this?

•What were the results of the study?  The researchers plan future studies — what do they want to learn?

•(advanced question)  How was the study conducted?  What was the hypothesis?  Can you determine the independent and dependent variables?  Is there a control group?