Posted by & filed under Psychology Podcast of the Week.

 

 

PSYCHOLOGY PODCAST OF THE WEEK

NAME

The Psychology Podcast

ICON

 

 

 

Available in the iTunes Store

https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/the-psychology-podcast/id942777522?mt=2

 

Available from the website

https://scottbarrykaufman.com/podcast/

ABOUT

This podcast focuses on creativity, the mind, brain, and behavior. Hosted by Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman, each episode has a different guest expert speaking on the topic at hand. Topics they’ve covered include masculinity, charm, making good decisions, peak performance, power, and high-performance habits.

Posted by & filed under Professional Organization, Psychology Website of the Week.

PSYCHOLOGY WEBSITE OF THE WEEK

 

TITLE

American Psychological Association

 

URL      

https://www.apa.org/topics

 

DESCRIPTION

This is the official website of the American Psychological Association.

It is listed here for teaching purposes to fulfill the APA guidelines for teaching Introductory Psychology.  Students should be directed to the site for an understanding of what the field is about, careers, applications of Psychology, and so on.  The site should be incorporated into a lecture and used as part of the initial introduction to the course.

Posted by & filed under Brain Structure and Function, Motivation and Emotion, Nervous System, Personality, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update, Stress and Health Psychology.

3 Articles Related to Eating Disorders, Food Addictions, & Stress Eating

(Though these articles are a recent few years old, they are more relevant now than ever through the pandemic.)

 

ARTICLE #1

TITLE

Here’s Why You Stress Eat — And How to Stop Doing It

 

DESCRIPTION

This interesting article details a number of reasons why we stress eat, and these include brain and hormone biology, environmental factors, developmental/cultural issues. “It should come as no surprise that Americans are stressed. A 2017 survey by the American Psychological Association (APA)  found that money, work, crime, violence, the political climate and the future of the nation are all significant stressors for Americans, each plaguing more than half of the survey respondents.” [add the covid pandemic to the list]  “While stress is bad for the body, the ways people deal with it can be just as unhealthy. The APA found in a different survey that almost 40% of adults reported overeating or consuming junk food in response to stress during the prior month. And of those people, about half said they did so weekly….What is it about food — particularly junk food — that calls to so many of us during stressful times?”  The article details a number of reasons why we stress eat and these include brain and hormone biology, environmental factors, developmental/cultural issues.  

The last part of the article focuses on ways to both recognize and control stress eating.  The article also includes a short interesting video.

 

SOURCE

Time, July 31, 2018, by Jamie Ducharme

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://time.com/5347612/how-to-stop-stress-eating/?utm_source=email&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=email-share-article&utm-term=health_dietnutrition

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/2tnmu22c

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ARTICLE #2

 

TITLE

Food Addictions Are Real Addictions—And More and More People Are Getting Hooked

 

DESCRIPTION

What an interesting article that speaks to our impulsive habits of everyday life.  The article describes how foods, especially ones that combine “the trifecta” of sugar, salt, and fat, affect the various regions of the brain.  The effect is often explained as impulse eating and for some the lack of control that is similar to addiction.  “But that doesn’t mean that the life-sustaining substances we come into the world loving and couldn’t survive without—the sugars and salts and fats and proteins, the fruits and vegetables and breads and meats—can’t get us into every bit as much danger as the deadly, often illegal substances that cause so much suffering. You can eat compulsively, just as you can smoke or drink or do drugs compulsively. And in all those cases, compulsions can become full-blown addictions, as repeated exposure plays the pleasure centers in the brain, creating a feedback loop of craving, indulging, consuming, regretting—and doing it all over the next day and the next.”  The article discusses how the reward centers of the brain along with dopamine are affected by certain foods, and the resultant compulsion to eat even when it is against our own best biological/medical interests.   Students interested in the area of eating disorders, neurophysiology of hunger, and the topic of motivation will find this article to be a useful resource.

 

SOURCE

Time, November 6, 2019, by Jeffrey Kluger

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://time.com/5718798/food-addiction/?utm_source=email&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=email-share-article&utm-term=health_addiction

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/y4tdu53d

 

=================================

 

ARTICLE #3

TITLE

Searching for a Better Treatment for Eating Disorders

Cognitive behavioral therapy appears to be the best treatment for many eating disorders

 

DESCRIPTION

THIS IS A COMPREHENSIVE ARTICLE REGARDING THE TYPES OF EATING DISORDERS, CAUSES, AND THERAPIES!   IT IS UP TO DATE WITH THE LATEST DATA AND TREATMENTS.

The article begins with a discussion of the types of eating disorders.  

“The three most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder. Anorexia is characterized by severely restricted eating and/or over-exercising. It also has the highest mortality rate — up to 20 percent if left untreated — of any psychiatric illness.  Bulimia shows a pattern of binge eating followed by compensating behaviors, such as vomiting or using laxatives. And binge-eating disorder is defined as recurrent episodes of overeating without compensating behaviors. These three disorders share similar psychological patterns — such as a preoccupation with weight and shape — that lead to a loss of control around eating. Although they have different behaviors and physical symptoms, they are treated in therapy in similar ways.”  The article discusses the complexity of understanding the causes of eating disorders through the bio-psycho-social lens.  This means that the article looks at the biology of eating, the psychological reasons we eat, and the social/cultural reasons that contribute to eating disorders.  The article does a fabulous analysis of the different treatment interventions that include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), other “talk therapies”, and  social interventions. 

 

Though the article is long it is well-worth reading and keeping as a book marked reference source.

 

SOURCE

Knowable Magazine, December 16, 2021, by Kendall Powell

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://knowablemagazine.org/article/mind/2021/searching-better-treatment-eating-disorders

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/4j3s5s4p

 

==================================

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What is an eating disorder?  Under what circumstances would it be compared to an addiction?

•What are the three major classifications of eating disorders?

•What brain mechanisms are believed to be involved in eating certain foods made up of combinations of salt-sugar-fat (such as a doughnut or other similar snacks) ?

•What are the causes of “stress eating” ?  What actually explains why junk food is so satisfying when we are under stress?

•If you were giving a lecture about the treatment for eating disorders, what therapies would you discuss and why?

 

 

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Sensation and Perception.

TITLE

The best optical illusions of the year 2021

DESCRIPTION

What a great contest that challenges our sensation, perception, and cognitive functions.  This yearly contest provides absolutely phenomenal optical illusions.  The illusions are explained in terms of our perceptional and cognitive understandings.  “The annual illusion contest is run by the Neural Correlate Society, an organization devoted to promoting awareness of the science behind perception and cognition. For 17 years the annual contest has consistently delivered an assortment of compelling illusions, frequently underpinned by fascinating scientific principles.”  Check out the illusions for study at home and great illustrations in class.

 

SOURCE

New Atlas, December 29, 2021, by Rich Haridy

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://newatlas.com/science/best-optical-illusions-year-2021-contest-winner/?fbclid=IwAR35FhvPgZKSedttI9GvG81cVsmzonfz3T7YPtVNwPzbIZTRwXTTvj0jEJIundefined

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/4x5cc9bb

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What is an optical illusion?  Why are optical illusions of interest in the field of Psychology?

•How do these illustrate how our perceptual and cognitive functions operate together?

•What is the neuroscience involved in understanding how an optical illusion fools us?

 

Posted by & filed under Brain Structure and Function, Psychology App of the Week, Stress and Health Psychology.

PSYCHOLOGY APPs OF THE WEEK

TITLE

Life-Changing Apps for People with Brain Injury

 

 

URL      

https://www.brainline.org/article/life-changing-apps-people-brain-injury

 

DESCRIPTION

From the website:

“Some of these apps have proven to be especially helpful for people with brain injury. The phone can be used to remind you of an upcoming appointment or to take medication, or it can be used like a traditional paper notebook to keep all your addresses, telephone numbers, calendar items, lists, and ideas.”

HOW TO USE THIS SITE:

This site provides many resources for individuals with Concussion (and athletics), traumatic brain injury, PTSD, and so on.  Not only is this site a resource in terms of websites and apps, it will help students understand the issues and challenges faced by those who struggle with these injuries — psychological, cognitive, emotional, and daily life activities.

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Nervous System, States of Consciousness & Sleep, Stress and Health Psychology.

TITLE

Why Dreaming (Rem Sleep) May Be Important for Your Health

 

DESCRIPTION

What a great article that describes how and why we sleep and the functions of dreaming.  The article specifically has a focus on problems arising from not getting enough “regular sleep” and REM sleep (the dream stage).  “Doctors have warned for years that Americans are not getting enough sleep, with health consequences ranging from drowsy driving and irritability to an increased risk of dementia, heart disease and early death. Now, a recent study suggests that one particular type of sleep may be especially important when it comes to how the brain responds to stressful situations.”  

The article provides a detail description of the stages of sleep, the REM stage and its possible functions, as well as what happens when sleep is disrupted.  The article is a must to be paired with the “states of consciousness” and health/stress section of the text book and lectures.

 

SOURCE

Time, October 27, 2017, by Amanda MacMillan

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://time.com/4970767/rem-sleep-dreams-health/?utm_source=email&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=email-share-article&utm-term=health_research

 

(Tiny URL)  https://tinyurl.com/2rnv9yew

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS (taken directly from the article):

•Why is dreaming considered important to your health?  

•What happens during REM sleep?  What are the hypothesized functions of REM sleep in relation to the overall sleep cycles?

•What causes a disruption of REM Sleep?  And what are the hypothesized consequences?  What does the article recommend regarding getting more REM Sleep?

 

 

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Lecture Enhancement/Student Engagement, Psychology Website of the Week.

PSYCHOLOGY WEBSITE OF THE WEEK

NAME

85 Great Tech Resources for Psychology Students

URL:  https://www.online-psychology-degrees.org/85-great-tech-resources-for-psychology-students/

Tiny Url:    https://tinyurl.com/v7dcwd2


DESCRIPTION

This site is like a Swiss Army Knife!  Students can explore a variety of useful resources that include apps, websites, writing utilities, groups, forums, project ideas and so on.  It is worth exploring.

From the website:

“The goal of this guide is to outline the best technological “must-haves” for students of psychology and to highlight some of the most cutting edge technology to help students succeed academically, socially and professionally. While some resources will be more relevant for students at the undergraduate or graduate level, all students will find these tools an important part of the academic process.”

Table of Contents:

Chapter 1: Websites

Chapter 2: Apps

Chapter 3: Blogs

Chapter 4: Forums / Groups

Chapter 5: Online Organizations

Chapter 6: Online Text and Publication Services

Chapter 7: Research Resources

Chapter 8: Test Preparation and Study Aids

Chapter 9: Online Paper Writing Resources

Chapter 10: Additional Resources

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Lecture Enhancement/Student Engagement, Psychology Update.

WELCOME STATEMENT

Welcome to  Wiley Introductory Psychology Weekly Updates

Every Monday through June you will find wonderful resources to enhance your learning, teaching and to engage  in discussions.   With each “published” edition, you will discover two or three interesting provocative articles to use as “triggers” to discuss important issues that relate to your learning as a Psychology student, and for the professor teaching content, subject matter, and/or important issues.  The choice of the articles is such that students can find these on popular sites such as the New York Times, Time Magazine, Huffington Post, and read them without the pressure of going to the library or poring through their textbook.  The popular media choices are easy to find without the need for subscription services; these are often articles that you might have read and brought up in your class.   Further, the update will include a few questions that can be used to get a discussion started.

In addition to a listing of the articles, you will also be presented with a few websites for use in your classes, as well as personal and professional use.  The websites can be useful informative resources for both your classes and personal life.  Lastly, every week, you will find either an App Of The Week listing, occasionally YouTube video, or a Podcast that will both enhance learning, teaching and presentations.   If you have any suggestions please contact me.   

Thank you,

David Berg

 

Posted by & filed under Brain Structure and Function, Nervous System, Psychological Disorders and Therapy, Psychology Update.

TITLE

New traumatic brain injury test is ‘game-changing,’ concussion experts say

There are millions of TBI hospitalizations and deaths each year.

 

DESCRIPTION

What is Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?  “TBI is a disruption in normal brain function caused by a blow or jolt to the head. A concussion is the mildest form of TBI, but patients may suffer a constellation of physical, cognitive, emotional and sleep symptoms. Some of the most common signs include confusion, headaches, blurry or double vision, dizziness, fatigue, memory loss, difficulties with concentration and insomnia.”  The usual way to diagnose concussion is by subjective self-report, CT and MRI scans, and clinical judgement.  According to the article, there can be a great deal of inaccuracies in the diagnosis until now.“In a world first, a newly authorized handheld device will allow doctors to detect traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) in under 15 minutes, potentially saving lives by dramatically shortening the time it takes to properly diagnose the issue.The device is made by Abbott, a medical device company based in the United States… This is a huge milestone that has never been done before — a blood test for the brain,” said Dr. Beth McQuiston, medical director for Abbott’s diagnostic businesses.”  By the way, imagine how this test can be hugely helpful for high school, college, and professional sports wherein players are frequently hurt and often their concussions are either not diagnosed properly or misdiagnosed entirely.   This is a real boon to understanding the brain and the affects of TBI.

 

SOURCE

ABC News, January 11, 2021, by Dr. Mishal Reja and Dr. Leah Croll

 

LINK TO RESOURCE

https://abcn.ws/3oCw3Gu

 

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

•What is Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?  What are the causes and symptoms?

•Up until this new test, how have concussions and TBI been diagnosed?  What have been the problems with getting an accurate diagnosis?

•What is the new test for TBI?  How is it administered?  How does it aid diagnosis and what are the advantages of using this new test?

 

Posted by & filed under Introduction To Psychology, Lecture Enhancement/Student Engagement, Psychology App of the Week, Psychology Update.

 

FOR YOUR ONLINE LEARNING — THIS IS A MUST HAVE FOR YOUR SMART PHONE, TABLET, AND COMPUTER.  GET A FREE ACCOUNT AND START USING IMMEDIATELY!

Psychology APP OF THE WEEK

Evernote and Evernote WebClipper
(free version available on ALL platforms for both computers and mobile devices)

Evernote                                                 Evernote Web Clipper

  evernote                         Evernote_webclipper_logo

“The workspace of your life’s work.  From inspiration to achievement, Evernote is where your work takes shape. Write, collect, find, and present, all from one workspace.”

 

https://evernote.com/basic

 

Are you using Evernote?  Shame on you if you are not!  Overall this is one of the best and most useful applications available for your life as an academic and student for that matter.   Simply sign up at the Evernote site (evernote.com) and get a free account.  A premium account is available that provides more bells and whistles but not necessary.   Once you sign up for an account on your computer (Mac and PC), get the app for your tablet and smartphone; Evernote is available on all mobile platforms — iOS and Google.  Once you have the app, then just log on and you’re set to go.

To describe all of what Evernote does in this space would be a difficult task.  However, the way I use it is combined with an associated app:  Evernote WebClipper.  You can follow the directions at the Evernote site to download and add WebClipper to your internet browser as a tiny icon in the menu bar.

Imagine that you’re reading an article online from a newspaper, journal, APA publication, or for that matter, anything at all.  Suppose that you want to save the article for later use such as citation, handout, later reading, and so on.  Well just click on the Evernote WebClipper icon in the browser menu bar, and suddenly you will see a pop up  window that gives you options to store in your Evernote account.   Just click and the article is saved in either its entirety, as a title and URL, or just a selection.  You can then find the article in your Evernote account for later use such as printing it out, reading, setting up a bibliography or a repository of reference materials.  Yes there are other apps that can do this, however, there are many add-ons for your mobile device (Tablet for teaching and reading) that integrate with Evernote.  EverNote has a number of other add ons that include note taking apps, scanning apps.  Go to the site and check it out.

 

EverNote has a number of other add ons that include note taking apps, scanning apps,   Check out this Evernote Tutorial:

https://help.evernote.com/hc/en-us/articles/208314458-Quick-start